The skin, subcutaneous tissue and muscles are treated with various grip techniques such as strokes, circles, kneading, shaking and rolling. This promotes blood circulation and preheats the muscles. With the help of these techniques, tension is loosened, pain relieved and relaxation promoted. Massages are often used in preparation for other treatment techniques. Stretching techniques are used to activate and stretch different muscle groups. This counteracts muscular shortening and promotes / improves mobility.